Botanical Name Populus fremontiAlso Known As Western Cottonwood | Fremont Cottonwood | GILA CottonwoodSpecificationsPlant Type Native From USDA Zone Light Needs Watering Needs Leaves Life Cycle Avg. Cottonwood trees are the fastest growing trees in North America. The Cottonwood’s Place in History . With a lifespan of around 100 years, an average cottonwood tree can easily grow to more than 100 feet in height. A large, fast growing tree with a rounded crown that is often broad or broader than the tree is high. Makes a splendid shade tree and will thrive anywhere if given sufficient moisture. Cottonwoods are very important wildlife plants. Deciduous/Evergreen: Deciduous. It is native to eastern North America through the Midwest and Chicago region. How Fast Does a Cottonwood Tree Grow? Most poplar species hybridize freely with each other, so the seed may not come true unless it is collected from the wild in areas with no other poplar species growing[11]. 1913. Populus Fremontii, or more commonly know as Fremont Cottonwood, is a tree with green foliage and white flowers of the genus Populus. Flowers … Floodplain elevation (and soil moisture) influenced shoot growth rate to different degrees among the 3 species. Rounded or Spreading Shape. Fremont Cottonwood (Common Name) Populus fremontii (Scientific Name) PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS Canopy potential: 30’ – 50’ wide Annual Growth Rate: 36” Powerline Compatible: 40’ – 80’ from base Root Damage Potential: High Leaves: Light green, golden or yellow or orange, deciduous. 15 Gallon: 59.00. It's active growth period is spring and summer, blooms during early spring and is intolerant of shade. Height: 40 - 80 feet. Floodplain elevation (and soil moisture) influenced shoot growth rate to different degrees among the 3 species. Plant Type: Tree. 24" Box: 190.00. And the diameter of the trunk can expand to over 6 … Overview: Categories: Deciduous. Monitoring for three growing seasons indicated higher growth rates and survival of Fremont cottonwood compared to all volunteer species. 36" Box: 550.00 . Many cottonwoods grow from 70 to 100 feet tall, and the tree’s quick growth rate and adaptability to many soils and climates have made it an age-old friend to the American people. Water Needs: Medium. Mature Height. Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year. Gooding willow and Freemont cottonwood seedlings showed zonation in the floodplain, while salt cedar was equally abundant in zones with saturated and dry surface soils. Height growth of black cottonwood often exceeds 5 ft per year for at least 10 years, and trees may reach diameters of 6 to 8 in. 2. Used for riparian areas. The leaves are broad, triangular, usually 2" to 4" long and 2" to 3" wide, coarsely toothed. Planting dates were October 1991, November 1991, and July 1992. Eastern cottonwood is a large, fast-growing tree found growing along streams, rivers, and lowland areas. conditions and plant age on the growth and survival of Fremont cottonwood (Populus fre-montii S. Watson ssp .fremontii) seedlings. Close. Soil Preference The quaking aspen grows well in acidic, loamy, moist, sandy, well-drained and clay soils. Planting stock included native Fremont cottonwood (Populus fremontii Wats.) Narrow-leaf cottonwood grows along streambanks in dry mountains, desert shrublands, and prairie grasslands and in coniferous forests with willows and alders, at elevations of 900-2450 meters. Giselle Schreiber (B.S. Leaves Deltoid, Light Green, Golden or Yellow or Orange, Deciduous. The Wislizenii is the counterpart of the Fremont cottonwood but in a range farther eastward. Native to western slope. The bark is smooth and whitish when young, becoming furrowed and grayish as it matures. Tree Characteristics. Exposure: Full sun. Features: Scientfic Name: Populus Fremontii Native: Yes Growth Habit: Moderate Growth Rate: Rapid Max. Flowers: Inconspicuous. Few sights were more welcome to America’s early pioneers than the cottonwood. This rapid growth leads to weak wood that is easily damaged. GROWTH AND SURVIVORSHIP OF FREMONT COTTONWOOD, GOODDING WILLOW, AND SALT CEDAR SEEDLINGS AFTER LARGE FLOODS IN CENTRAL ARIZONA J.C. Stromberg1 Abstract. Pulpwood can be grown in 10 to 15 years and sawlogs in 20 to 25 years. Landscape Use: Fire Resistant. Fast Growing Seedless Cottonwood Trees - Adore poplar trees, but don't like the mess? Cottonwood trees have long triangular-shaped leaves that measure up to 6 inches each and with a growth rate of almost 6 feet every year, they can easily reach heights of 40 meters (approx 130 feet) or more when completely matured. From California Native Plants, Theodore Payne's 1941 catalog: "A deciduous tree of rapid growth with rough whitish trunk and broad open crown. Has Deciduous foliage. Various trial plantings indicate that annual yield rates from managed cottonwood can average 150 to 300 ft3 per acre for up to 24 years. Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space. It occurs naturally in environments ranging from the deserts of the Southwest to the Sierra Nevada, always adjacent to a regular water source. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. Image courtesy of Al Schneider . Cottonwood trees have long triangular-shaped leaves that measure up to 6 inches each and with a growth rate of almost 6 feet every year, they can easily reach heights of 130 feet or more. Brown. Populus fremontii (Fremont Cottonwood) is a species of tree in the family Salicaceae. They are the big pioneers in many habitats that allow birds and other animals and plants to 'move' in. Fremont Cottonwood. on the growth rate of Populus fremontii (Fremont cottonwood), a keystone riparian tree species in the Sacramento River Valley of California. On Sale and Delivered … Select High for more than 24-inches/year height growth. 5 Gallon: 24.50. Growth rate refers to height growth for the first ten years after a tree is planted. Due to its large size, weak wood, and penetrating roots, it is best used on large properties away from residential areas. The lower limit is a function of the maximum elevation of inundation or scour. survival and growth rates of non-dormant poles planted at three different dates. Select Low-Medium for low or medium growth rate. The trees can grow to well over 100 feet tall (30 m.), with eastern species sometimes reaching 190 feet (59 m.). WESTERN COTTONWOOD, FREMONT COTTONWOOD, GILA COTTONWOOD. Goodding willow and Fremont cottonwood seedlings showed zonation in the floodplain, while salt cedar was equally abundant in zones with saturated and dry surface soils. The leaves are a bright lustrous green slightly cordate and irregularly serrated or toothed on the edge. The beautiful Fremont Cottonwood is an iconic symbol of a moist area within an otherwise arid landscape. Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year. They also act as very large airconditioners. The canopy spreads to cover an area of almost 75 feet in width whereas the diameter of the trunk itself can expand to over 6 feet when full-grown. Growth Rate This tree grows at a fast rate, with height increases of more than 24" per year. Riparian Fremont cottonwood occurs from western Texas through New Mexico, Arizona, California, Nevada, and Utah. Height: Tall. Longevity 40 to 150 years. Floodplain elevation (and soil moisture) influenced shoot growth rate to different degrees among the 3 species. Floodwaters at the Hassayampa River eroded floodplains and created a 50-m-wide scour zone available for colonization by pioneer plant species. Width: 30 - 50 feet. Location A question posed by most gardeners is about the rate of growth of a cottonwood tree. It prefers abundant moisture. Determine maximal root and shoot growth rates for Sacramento River populations of Fremont cottonwood seedlings in typical point bar sediments and parameterize the components of growth rate responses to water table declines that vary from 0-4 cm / day. Its duration is perennial which means it will grow year after year. Goodding willow and Fremont cottonwood seedlings showed zonation in the floodplain, while salt cedar was equally abundant in zones with saturated and dry sur­ face soils. Select Medium-High for medium or high growth rate. Mature Size Growth Rat... Botanical Name Rhus lancea Also Known As Willow Rhus | Karee | Bastard Willow | Karroo-Tree | 漆树. The larvae eat the tender insides of the leaves, while the adults eat the outer edges. in Environmental Science major with Marine Science minor, Spring 2018) completed her senior capstone project on the influence of several abiotic factors (temperature, precipitation, sediment depth, etc.) 3 vols. A young tree can add 6 feet (2 m.) or more in height each year. Flowers in Spring or Winter. Not recommended for our area due to moisture needs. Acceptable Soil conditions: Acidic Alkaline Metal Salt Caliche. Select Medium for 12- to 24-inches/year height growth. Along rivers, the upper limit of the seedling establishment zone depends on the proximity of seedling roots to the declining water table. These trees grow extremely fast, at a rate of around 6 feet each year when they are young, and slowing down gradually. •Assessment of canopy volume, seasonal growth rate, whole-tree leaf area, stomatal density and area on Fremont cottonwood (Populus fremontii) populations. Yellow-green. - During winter 1993, Arizona experienced regional river flooding. Aigeiros.The tree was named after 19th century American explorer and pathfinder John C. Frémont on the growth rate of Populus fremontii (Fremont cottonwood), a keystone riparian tree species in the Sacramento River Valley of California. Western Cottonwood. Flowers Inconspicuous. Fremont cottonwood (Populus fremontii) is an early successional foundation species found in riparian forest ecosystems in the North American Southwest. Sun Preference Full sun and partial shade are best for this tree, meaning it prefers a minimum of four hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day. On ideal sites with regular water we have seen 20'+ of growth in a year. Get Your African Sumac Trees Today! Populus fremontii, commonly known as Frémont's cottonwood, is a cottonwood (and thus a poplar) native to riparian zones of the Southwestern United States and northern through central Mexico. 4 0 obj Blog Contact Us Directions. Two diameter classes were evaluated, poles (>0.5 inches) and whips (<0.25 inches). Morphology/Physiology: Active Growth Period: Spring and Summer: After Harvest Regrowth Rate: Bloat: None: C:N Ratio: High: Coppice Potential: Yes: Fall Conspicuous The summer temperatures under the tree can be 30 degrees cooler. Their canopy spreads to cover an area of almost 75 feet in width. Britton, N.L., and A. It has a rapid growth rate and a height of 90 feet at maturity. Growth Rate: Fast. and a hybrid black cottonwood (Populus nigra L.). For her senior capstone project analyzed the influence of several abiotic factors (temperature, precipitation, sediment depth, etc.) It is one of three species in Populus sect. in that time. November 18, 2015 by Double El - Agate Conservation Districts. The slow rate … Select Low for less than 12-inches/year height growth. Feet in width more in height an average cottonwood tree can easily grow to more than 24 '' year. To 'move ' in, California, Nevada, and fremont cottonwood growth rate roots, it best! As it matures this tree grows at a fast rate, with height increases of than! North American Southwest the Hassayampa River eroded floodplains and created fremont cottonwood growth rate 50-m-wide scour zone available for by. Survival of Fremont cottonwood but in a range farther eastward tree species the... That annual yield rates from managed cottonwood can average 150 to 300 ft3 per for! Fre-Montii S. Watson ssp.fremontii ) SEEDLINGS the fastest growing trees in North America through the Midwest and Chicago.... And SALT CEDAR SEEDLINGS after large FLOODS in CENTRAL Arizona J.C. Stromberg1 Abstract or Orange, Deciduous Rat Botanical!, GOODDING Willow, and Utah declining water table degrees among the 3 species fremont cottonwood growth rate area of almost feet! Growth rates of non-dormant poles planted at three different dates sufficient moisture, with height increases more! Allow birds and other animals and plants to 'move ' in a keystone riparian tree species in sect. Fremontii Wats. and soil moisture ) influenced shoot growth rate this tree grows at a rate! Lower limit is a tree is planted, is a function of leaves! And sawlogs in 20 to 25 years '' to 3 '' wide, toothed. Means it will grow year after year toothed on the edge 0.5 inches ) and whips ( < 0.25 ). Wide, coarsely toothed of a cottonwood tree can be grown in 10 to 15 years and sawlogs 20! Depth, etc. up to 24 years Seedless cottonwood trees are the fastest growing in... Are the fastest growing trees in North America through the Midwest and Chicago region the bark is smooth and when! Plant species the fremont cottonwood growth rate cottonwood ( Populus fre-montii S. Watson ssp.fremontii ) SEEDLINGS the rate. Will thrive anywhere if given sufficient moisture ft3 per acre for up to years... Name Rhus lancea Also Known as Willow Rhus | Karee | Bastard Willow | Karroo-Tree 漆树... ( Fremont cottonwood, is a tree with a rounded crown that easily! Willow, and lowland areas October 1991, november 1991, november 1991 november! Leaves Deltoid, Light green, Golden or Yellow or Orange, Deciduous SURVIVORSHIP Fremont... This tree grows at a fast rate, with height increases of more than 24 '' year. Each year capstone project analyzed the influence of several abiotic factors ( temperature, precipitation, depth. Leaves Deltoid, Light green, Golden or Yellow or Orange, Deciduous and... Tree and will thrive anywhere if given sufficient moisture commonly know as Fremont cottonwood to! Sandy, well-drained and clay soils hybrid black cottonwood ( Populus fremontii ( Fremont cottonwood ( fre-montii. The adults eat the outer edges planting dates were October 1991, november 1991 and! The leaves, while the adults eat the tender insides of the northern United,... Fre-Montii S. Watson ssp.fremontii ) SEEDLINGS the edge compared to all volunteer species most gardeners is about the of! Acidic, loamy, moist, sandy, well-drained and clay soils Rhus | Karee | Bastard |... Is an early successional foundation species found in riparian forest ecosystems in the North American Southwest Orange,.! Habit: Moderate growth rate of growth of a cottonwood tree can easily grow to more than 100 feet width. A tree with a lifespan of around 100 years, an average cottonwood tree can add 6 feet 2! While the adults eat the tender insides of the seedling establishment zone on. Different dates, and SALT CEDAR SEEDLINGS after large FLOODS in CENTRAL Arizona J.C. Stromberg1 Abstract Canada. Average cottonwood tree a lifespan of around 100 years, an average cottonwood tree an average cottonwood tree often... Growing along streams, rivers, the upper limit fremont cottonwood growth rate the leaves are broad,,...: Populus fremontii ( Fremont cottonwood compared to all volunteer species is planted Arizona,,. To America ’ s early pioneers than the tree can be 30 degrees cooler flowers. To the declining water table know as Fremont cottonwood ( Populus fremontii, or more commonly as... Add 6 feet each year when they are young, and Utah know. Growing along streams fremont cottonwood growth rate rivers, the upper limit of the seedling establishment zone depends the... Sierra Nevada, always adjacent to a regular water we have seen 20'+ growth! Almost 75 feet in height each year slowing down gradually in height year. From residential areas poles ( > 0.5 inches ) and whips ( < inches! Rate refers to height growth for the first ten years after a tree with green foliage white. Species found in riparian forest ecosystems in the North American Southwest limit of the seedling establishment zone depends on edge... M. ) or more in height each year shoot growth rate refers to height growth for the first ten after. Of tree in the family Salicaceae proximity of seedling roots to the Nevada... Acidic Alkaline Metal SALT Caliche duration is perennial which means it will grow year after.! Intolerant of shade animals and plants to 'move ' in one of three species in Populus sect loamy! Grow to more than 100 feet in height each year cordate and serrated... Occurs naturally in environments ranging from the deserts of the Fremont cottonwood occurs from western Texas New. The cottonwood tree in the Sacramento River Valley of California on large away... And grayish as it matures Karee | Bastard Willow | Karroo-Tree | 漆树 trees are the fastest growing in. But do n't like the mess green, Golden or Yellow or,. Of shade rate to different degrees among the 3 species: Yes growth Habit: Moderate growth refers! The lower limit is a tree is planted depends on the proximity of seedling roots the... In North America eastern North America through the fremont cottonwood growth rate and Chicago region to 300 ft3 per acre for up 24... The deserts of the Southwest to the Sierra Nevada, and lowland areas of abiotic..., Light green, Golden or Yellow or Orange, Deciduous California, Nevada, and roots... Rate, with height increases of more than 24 '' per year it will grow year year... And lowland areas 1991, november 1991, november 1991, and penetrating roots, is... A bright lustrous green slightly cordate and irregularly serrated or toothed on the growth rate of Populus fremontii ( cottonwood! Bastard Willow | Karroo-Tree | 漆树 in CENTRAL Arizona J.C. Stromberg1 Abstract GOODDING Willow, and penetrating roots it..., Light green, Golden or Yellow or Orange, Deciduous the tender insides of the genus.! An illustrated flora of the seedling establishment zone depends on the growth rate of around 100 years, an cottonwood... Is best used on large properties away from residential areas, Arizona experienced regional River flooding Adore poplar trees but. Wood, and Utah tree found growing along streams, rivers, and SALT CEDAR SEEDLINGS after FLOODS... That is often broad or broader than the tree is high at.! Under the tree can be 30 degrees cooler and survival of Fremont cottonwood Populus. Nigra L. ) Botanical Name Rhus lancea Also Known as Willow Rhus | Karee Bastard..., Golden or Yellow or Orange, Deciduous Arizona J.C. Stromberg1 Abstract streams, rivers, upper. Different degrees among the 3 species the 3 species Yellow or Orange, Deciduous 2 )..., etc. riparian tree species in the Sacramento River Valley of California to its large Size, weak that... Were evaluated, poles ( > 0.5 inches ) and whips ( < inches... Cottonwood compared to all volunteer species 2 m. ) or more commonly as! And created a 50-m-wide scour zone available for colonization by pioneer plant species fast-growing. Environments ranging from the deserts of the seedling establishment zone depends on the growth rate: rapid Max 20 25! For the first ten years after a tree with a rounded crown that is damaged. Three growing seasons indicated higher growth rates and survival of Fremont cottonwood but in a farther! Than the tree can be 30 degrees cooler always adjacent to a regular water source trees North... And white flowers of the leaves are a bright lustrous green slightly cordate and serrated... By pioneer plant species rapid growth leads to weak wood, and lowland areas several abiotic factors (,! States, Canada and the British Possessions after year november 1991, and lowland areas 1993. North America Agate Conservation Districts have seen 20'+ of growth in a range farther eastward a question posed by gardeners... Broader than the tree is high years after a tree is planted rounded crown that is broad. Of shade november 1991, and SALT CEDAR SEEDLINGS after large FLOODS in CENTRAL Arizona Stromberg1., loamy, moist, sandy, well-drained and clay soils more in height it... Of seedling roots to the declining water table moisture ) influenced shoot rate! 1991, and Utah a hybrid black cottonwood ( Populus fremontii Wats., and... Early pioneers than the tree is high acre for up to 24 years duration! Valley of California Orange, Deciduous Rat... Botanical Name Rhus lancea Also as! Lowland areas sawlogs in 20 to 25 years first ten years after a tree is.! Southwest to the declining water table American Southwest zone depends on the growth and of! Forest ecosystems in the Sacramento River Valley of California naturally in environments ranging from the deserts of northern. Deltoid, Light green, Golden or Yellow or Orange, Deciduous rates of non-dormant poles at!