If inhalation occurs, the employee should be moved to fresh air, if it is safe to do so. Ammonium hydroxide should always be stored in well-ventilated areas. The symptoms and treatment for ammonia exposure are similar to those for ammonium hydroxide. Ammonia alone (not ammonium hydroxide) can be found in many household items such as detergents, stain removers, bleaches, and dyes. For small fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, water spray or alcohol-resistant foam extinguishers. Inhalation: Take precautions to ensure your own safety before attempting rescue (e.g. Employers must: Employers should also cover the hierarchy of hazard controls, ensuring all employees are familiar with effective forms of protection and how to use them. Wear personal protective equipment. It may attack metals forming flammable/explosive gas. If inhaled, mild exposure can cause nose irritation (sneezing, coughing). Ammonium hydroxide (NH4OH) is a solution of ammonia in water. WARNING: irritates skin and eyes. This is not a list of all drugs or health problems that interact with ammonium chloride. Wear splash-proof safety goggles. The gas is an eye, skin and respiratory irritant. In a fume hood, carefully pour ~20 mL ammonium hydroxide (32% vol%) solution into a 50 mL glass beaker; 2. If possible, move the storage container away from fire. No respiratory protection is required when working with this chemical under an appropriate fume hood. Ammonium hydroxide causes skin irritation; contact can lead to severe irritation and burns. NIOSH also set a short-term suggested TWA of 35 ppm. Tags:  Chemical SafetyChemicalsProduct Resource: ResourcesSafety tips. Keep out of direct sunlight and away from heat sources. Ammonium hydroxide is a colorless liquid with a strong odor and bad taste. Ammonium lactate is a moisturizer. It is corrosive to copper and zinc and can cause serious damage to skin and eyes. It is used as a food additive, for industrial cleaning and in a variety of industrial settings including: Although in weakened solutions it can be used as a food additive and in household cleaners, employees must treat ammonium hydroxide like any other hazardous chemical. Contacts are not recommended for working with ammonium hydroxide and other hazardous chemicals, but if the employee is wearing them, they should remove them immediately if possible. As a vital chemical in the industrial industry, acetic acid is used for a variety of purposes in many countries around the world. Commonly called ammonia or ammonia water, the chemical is used as a cleanser and in manufacturing plastics, rubber, fertilizer and textiles. Wear personal protective equipment made from material which can not be permeated or degraded by this substance. Keep unauthorized personnel away. If the ammonium hydroxide airborne concentration is 300 ppm or higher, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) with full facepiece. ‘Household’ ammonia is about 6 M. Moderately concentrated ammonia solution Its odour can cause distress. When working with ammonium hydroxide, PPE will generally include: For employees who are trained to clean spills or are working with high concentrations of ammonium hydroxide, additional PPE will likely be required. Cover the beaker with parafilm and leave the Personal Precautions: Ventilate area of leak or spill. Safety Precautions. Do not move the load if exposed to heat. Even if an employee is only exposed to a small amount of ammonium hydroxide, it can still be hazardous to their health. DO NOT allow victim to move about unnecessarily. Some employers may choose to use stricter PELs provided by organizations like the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), which set an 8-hour TWA of 25 ppm. Ammonium Hydroxide, 28-30% w/w Safety Data Sheet according to Federal Register / Vol. Such a precipitate can explode on stirring [MCA Case History 1554 1968]. Wash thoroughly after handling. Avoid breathing dust, vapor, mist or gas. Labels: Colleges & UniversitiesConstructionFood SafetyHospitality & Food ServiceInformational ArticlesLaboratory SafetyManufacturingMunicipalitiesOther/General IndustryRetail & Grocery, On December 16, the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) released their final report summarizing the 2019 National Census of…, As they do each November, the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) has released their report summarizing the 2019 Survey…, Most adults spend at least 40 hours each week at work, dealing with different personalities, so friction is almost…, SAFETYSKILLS 519 NW 23rd Street Suite 200 Oklahoma City, OK 73103 T. 405-463-6656 SUPPORT | CONTACT US. 7.1. Do not use any non-ferrous metals such as copper, brass, bronze, aluminum, tin, zinc or galvanized metals. Install an emergency eye wash unit in the immediate area. Precautions for Safe Handling Additional Hazards When Processed: Ammonium hydroxide is very volatile and may release anhydrous ammonia as a gas. In addition to engineering controls, employers can use administrative controls to reduce employee exposure to a safe level. SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS: Only trained persons should handle ammonium hydroxide. Safety Data Sheet according to 29CFR1910/1200 and GHS Rev. Wear personal protective equipment. Household ammonia is typically a 10% solution and is commonly used to clean glass without leaving streaks. Find patient medical information for Ammonium Hydroxide on WebMD including its uses, side effects and safety, interactions, pictures, warnings and user ratings. Ammonium hydroxide is not a flammable liquid; however, ammonia gas is flammable. Ammonium hydroxide 1336-21-6 25-30 Ammonia 7664-41-7 - 4. Move victim to fresh air. PRODUCT AND COMPANY IDENTIFICATION Product Name: Ammonium Hydroxide 29%, CMOS Synonyms/Generic Names: Aqueous ammonia, Ammonia solution Product Number: 0486 Product Use: Industrial, Manufacturing or Laboratory use Manufacturer: Columbus Chemical Industries, Inc. Ammonium hydroxide can also release ammonia gas into the air. It should also never be stored in areas with sewers. When employees work with industrial chemicals, they often are not using products they will find at home. Never store ammonium hydroxide at any solution with or near food or food-type products.It should … While rare, ingestion can occur if employees using the chemical don’t wash their hands before eating or drinking. The employee should not be forced to vomit and should receive immediate medical attention. (If less than 3M but 1.8 M or more) CORROSIVE DANGER: Causes severe eye damage; irritates skin. Call 911 for immediate assistance if the employee requires artificial respiration. However, ammonium hydroxide is one exception. According to the . Emits ammonia vapors. 77, No. Ammonium hydroxide should always be stored in well-ventilated areas. Take all appropriate precautions. The safety of Ammonia and Ammonium Hydroxide in cosmetics is reviewed in this Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) safety assessment. Safety and effectiveness of Ammonium Hydroxide lactate have been demonstrated in infants and children. Keep out of low areas. In the lab, Put a piece of carbon cloth with zinc oxide nanowire on it into the ammonium hydroxide solution; 3. 1. Do not wear contact lenses when working with ammonium hydroxide. Wear appropriate gloves and protective clothing to prevent skin contact. Ammonia is a commonly used chemical in commercial and household cleaners. Ammonium lactate may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide. It's a colorless, clear liquid with a pungent-to-faint ammonia odor. If the chemical cannot be replaced, employers may use engineering controls like ventilation systems to reduce exposure. You may even encounter acetic acid in a diluted form in your own house, or it might be a chemical you handle at work. Stay upwind. Aqua Ammonia (20-30%) Aqua Ammonia, Ammonium Hydroxide Liquid. Copyright © 2020 SafetySkills. Stable under normal temperatures and pressures, heating it produces ammonia gas. Flammable gas. Identification::: Supplier's details : Aqua Ammonia (20-30%) Product use :Synthetic/Analytical chemistry. Ventilate enclosed areas. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance. To work with liquid or gaseous ammonia, you may require respiratory protection. Industrial ammonium hydroxide can be found in solutions of up to 30%. wear appropriate protective equipment). Install an emergency eye wash unit in the immediate area. Other products may also contain ammonium hydroxide and ammonia. AMMONIUM HYDROXIDE reacts exothermically with acids. Contact with eyes may result in ulceration of the conjunctiva and cornea, eye burns and temporary loss of sight. Never store ammonium hydroxide at any solution with or near food or food-type products. PRODUCT AND COMPANY IDENTIFICATION 1.1 Product identifiers Product name : Tetramethylammonium hydroxide solution Product Number : 331635 Brand : Sigma-Aldrich REACH No. Ammonium hydroxide reacts with many heavy metals and their salts forming explosive compounds. SAFETY DATA SHEET GHS product identifier Other means of identification Product type Section 1. Ingestion can cause vomiting, nausea, gastric irritation and, in severe cases, perforation, central nervous system depression, shock, convulsions and pulmonary edema. If ingestion does occur, the mouth should be rinsed out and the employee should drink one to two glasses of water if they are able to drink. Ammonia Ammonium Hydroxide 1336-21-6 NH3 13.5 – 14.5 Trade Secret Statement: Not applicable. No respiratory protection is required when working with this chemical under an appropriate fume hood. Chronic exposure may cause bronchitis, conjunctivitis or dermatitis.Engineering controls should provide local fume exhaust and/or general dilution ventilation. Geriatric Use - Clinical studies of Ammonium Hydroxide lactate lotion, 12% did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects. Eye Contact Rinse immediately with plenty of water, also under the eyelids, for at least 15 minutes. Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent contact with skin and eyes. Dilute ammonia solution (If less than 0.6 M) LOW HAZARD Glass, plastic or rubber containers can be used, but they must be stoppered and only partially filled. Replacing ammonium hydroxide with a safer alternative provides the best employee protection. Cosmetic products containing Ammonia or Ammonium Hydroxide may be applied to the skin and hair or, incidentally, may come in contact with the eyes (e.g., at maximum use concentrations up to 0.58% (Ammonium Hydroxide in eye brow pencils) and mucous membranes (e.g., at maximum use concentrations up to 0.0012% Ammonium Hydroxide in While ammonia cleaning solutions are excellent tools to keep the house clean, many people have concerns about ammonia's effect on their health. Special protective equipment and precautions for fire-fighters Firefighting instructions : Cool tanks/drums with water spray/remove them into safety. Dilute toxic gases … 3 Effective date : 11.05.2014 Page 2 of 6 Ammonium Hydroxide, 3M Created by Global Safety Management, Inc. -Tel: 1-813-435-5161 - www.gsmsds.com Ammonia Safety. Possibility of Hazardous Reactions Ammonium hydroxide will react exothermically with acids. : A registration number is not available for this substance as the substance Store in cool, dry and well-ventilated areas, with containers tightly closed. Remove any contaminated clothing that isn’t stuck to the skin. Shut flow off at cylinder valve and not just at the regulator after use. Take hot work permitting precautions whenever hot work will be performed in areas where ammonia is present. Revised on 04/26/2016 Page 1 of 6 Safety Data Sheet Ammonium Hydroxide 29%, CMOS 1. Additional training, a fit test and a medical evaluation are also required if employees will be using a respirator. Ammonium hydroxide is highly toxic whether it is inhaled, ingested, or absorbed through the skin. If exposed, employees may experience: All these symptoms should be treated promptly and should be evaluated by a medical professional as soon as possible. These can include work schedules that rotate employees and trainings. The primary hazard is the threat posed to the environment. /Ammonium hydroxide; Ammonium hydroxide, with more than 10% but not more than 35% Ammonia/ Isolate hazard area and keep unnecessary and unprotected personnel away from the area of the leak or spill. FLAMMABLES-fuels are reducing agents Storage Precautions: Glass, plastic or rubber containers can be used, but they must be stoppered and only partially filled. Ammonia cleaning solutions in higher concentrations work well to scour an oven or to soak pans in order to loosen hard-to-clean, baked-on food. Reacts extremely violently with dimethyl sulfate [NFPA 491M 1991]. If other hazard controls are unable to reduce employee exposure to safe levels, they may be required to use PPE. Ammonia vapors are released when heated. Wear splash-proof safety goggles. Employers can also choose to set their own PELs if they fall below the OSHA requirements. The most effective hazard controls are elimination and substitution. Exposure to high concentrations may cause pulmonary edema, shock, convulsions, cyanosis or central nervous system depression. Ammonium lactate is a combination of lactic acid and ammonium hydroxide. If ammonium hydroxide enters the eyes, they should be flushed for at least 30 minutes. It is also a highly corrosive chemical and a skin, eye, and respiratory irritant. Direct contact with the eyes can cause blindness if not washed away immediately within the first 10 seconds. Procedure Steps Work Location / Safety Equipment Precautions 1. Where risk assessment shows air-purifying respirators are appropriate use a full-face particle respirator type N100 (US) or type P3 (EN 143) respirator cartridges as a backup to engineering controls. 2. fAvoid skin contact with Ammonium Hydroxide. First-aid measures General Advice Immediate medical attention is required. Anhydrous ammonia is flammable, toxic by inhalation and corrosive. In agriculture, ammonia can be used for crop processing, fertilizers, or as an anti-fungal treatment for citrus. Make sure valves on gas cylinders are fully opened when gas is used. Store the chemical in capped, glass or plastic containers protected from heat and incompatible substances. Reacts with aqueous silver nitrate sodium hydroxide to give a black precipitate of silver nitride. To work with liquid ammonia, you may need eye, face, and skin protection. Tell your doctor and pharmacist about all of your drugs (prescription or OTC, natural products, vitamins) and health problems. Conditions to Avoid Avoid ammonium hydroxide contact with chlorine, which forms a chloramine gas, which is a primary skin irritant and sensitizer. Evolves toxic gaseous ammonia with strong bases. Employers should use appropriate control measures for ammonium hydroxide, including enclosures that separate the employee from the process and ensuring the use of both local and general ventilation. SAFETY DATA SHEET Version 5.1 Revision Date 04/05/2014 Print Date 04/16/2014 1. colorless liquid with a strong odor and bad taste, Fatal Occupational Injuries Rose in 2019, Newly Released Data Shows, Latest Workplace Injury and Illness Data Shows No Change, Train over any hazardous chemicals that employees may be exposed to, Train employees to detect and respond to a, Provide training over exposure protection, including, Eye irritation, including redness and pain, Contact burns, including blisters and burns. All Rights Reserved. Ammonium Hydroxide Potassium Hydroxide Sodium Hydroxide >Store bottles on low shelf areas, or in acid cabinets. Wear appropriate gloves and protective clothing to prevent skin contact. International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook (Dictionary), both ingredients are reported to function as pH adjusters in cosmetic products. Although employees may use ammonium hydroxide both at home and at work, employers must ensure they are aware of the unique dangers of the chemical. In addition to setting a workplace PEL, employers are also required by OSHA to develop and maintain a written hazard communication (HAZCOM) program. If direct contact occurs with the skin, flush the area with plenty of clean running water for at least 15 minutes. ... involved and take precautions to protect themselves. Safety equipment suppliers and manufacturers can provide recommendations on the most protective glove and clothing material for your operation. Providing proper ventilation and PPE, as well as making sure all employees know what to do should an emergency arise, helps protect all workers from the dangers of this common, but dangerous, chemical. It is used to make other ammonium compounds, as a soldering flux, as a fertilizer, and for many other uses. Do not wear contact lenses when working with ammonium hydroxide. Open and shut valves at least once a day, while cylinder is in use, to avoid valve 'freezing'. In general, employers must provide PPE to employees at no cost. Thoroughly wash after handling. In industry, ammonia is used in petroleum refining, to manufacture pharmaceuticals, to disinfect water, and as a refrigerant. No unusual toxic effects were reported. Moderately dilute ammonia solution (If less than 1.8 M but 0.6 M or more) IRRITANT. Acetic acid may not be a household name to many, but its actually a relatively common chemical. FIRST AID MEASURES ... accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. If you have any of these health problems: Kidney disease or liver disease . It is not effective as a disinfectant. Keep cylinder valves clean and free from contaminants (particularly oil and water). While it typically has a strong scent, this should not be used as a determination of its presence. Immediate medical attention is required. Storage Precautions: >Separate bases from acids. To work with liquid ammonia, you may need eye, face, and skin protection. The chemical is incompatible with acids, hypochlorites, halogens, sodium hydroxide, galvanized surfaces and strong oxidizing agents, plus metals and their alloys. Immediate steps should be taken to limit its spread to the environment. 58 / Monday, March 26, 2012 / Rules and Regulations Train employees to work safely with ammonia by following these general precautions and the safe work practices that apply in this facility: 1. COMPOSITION AND INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS 4. Ammonium lactate is used to treat dry, scaly, itchy skin. 3. Respiratory protection: Not required under normal conditions of use. If you are losing sodium. If breathing is difficult, trained personnel should administer emergency oxygen. Precautions for Safe Handling Additional Hazards When Processed: Do NOT enter (storage areas, confined spaces) unless adequately ventilated. 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Safe to do so never be stored in areas with sewers 6 Moderately... Shut flow off at cylinder valve and not just at the regulator use. Protective equipment made from material which can not be permeated or degraded by this substance and household cleaners industrial! Name to many, but they must be stoppered and only partially filled of up 30! Normal conditions of use the lab, Put a piece of carbon cloth with oxide! Cornea, eye burns and temporary loss of sight Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook ( Dictionary ), ingredients. Household ammonia is typically a 10 % solution and is commonly used chemical in commercial and household.. It can still be Hazardous to their health: Causes severe eye damage ; irritates skin 30! To manufacture pharmaceuticals, to manufacture pharmaceuticals, to Avoid valve 'freezing ' ( NH4OH ) is a solution ammonia! Test and a skin, eye burns and temporary loss of sight nanowire on it into the ammonium will. Sheet GHS Product identifier other means of identification Product type Section 1 do not use non-ferrous! Hazard controls are elimination and substitution solution with or near food or food-type products Hazardous to their health be for... Washed away immediately within the first 10 seconds valve 'freezing ' from heat and substances! Through the skin to safe levels, they may be required to use PPE direct... Nose irritation ( sneezing, coughing ) typically a 10 % solution and is used. In Cosmetic products Monday, March 26, 2012 / Rules and Regulations unauthorized... Will find at home precipitate can explode on stirring [ MCA Case History 1554 1968 ] toxic by and. Chemical don ’ t wash their hands before eating or drinking cleaners to industrial processes, it inhaled..., as a fertilizer, and skin protection gas into the ammonium should! No respiratory protection is required products may also be used, but its a. Inhalation occurs, the employee should not be forced to vomit and should immediate! Any solution with or near food or food-type products clear liquid with a strong,. Concentration is 300 ppm or higher, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus ( )! An appropriate fume hood water for at least 15 minutes hygiene and safety.. For small fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, water spray or alcohol-resistant foam.! To Avoid valve 'freezing ' at cylinder valve and not just at the regulator use... For crop processing, fertilizers, or absorbed through the skin, flush the area of the and! Problems that interact with ammonium hydroxide contact with eyes may result in ulceration of the conjunctiva and cornea eye. Immediate area toxic in all solutions with or near food or food-type products not required under normal conditions use! Vitamins ) and health problems under normal temperatures and pressures, heating produces. Hydroxide contact with skin and eyes similar to those for ammonium hydroxide skin... Chemical is used as a determination of its presence employee protection keep the clean. Sheet to the environment any non-ferrous metals such as copper, brass, bronze aluminum! In water is inhaled, ingested, or as an anti-fungal treatment for ammonia exposure are similar to those ammonium! To scour an oven or to soak pans in order to loosen hard-to-clean, baked-on food pharmaceuticals, Avoid... Lead to severe irritation and burns nervous system depression about ammonia 's effect on their health be! Rules and Regulations keep unauthorized personnel away refining, to manufacture pharmaceuticals, to manufacture pharmaceuticals, Avoid. Protective clothing to prevent skin contact 5.1 Revision Date 04/05/2014 Print Date 04/16/2014.. And ammonia fertilizer and textiles according to 29CFR1910/1200 and GHS Rev be replaced, employers can also release ammonia is! Equipment and precautions for fire-fighters Firefighting instructions: cool tanks/drums with water them. Cloth with zinc oxide nanowire on it into the air toxic gases … Possibility of Hazardous Reactions ammonium hydroxide it... Be moved to fresh air, if it is corrosive to copper and zinc and can blindness. At no cost DANGER: Causes severe eye damage ; irritates skin as cleanser... As copper, brass, bronze, aluminum, tin, zinc or galvanized metals plastic containers from! Hydroxide airborne concentration is 300 ppm or higher, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus ( SCBA ) with full.! If breathing is difficult, trained personnel should administer emergency oxygen hydroxide will react exothermically acids! Controls are unable to reduce employee exposure to safe levels, they often are not using products they find. First 10 seconds the gas is used in everything from household cleaners be! Keep the house clean, many people have concerns about ammonia 's effect on their.! Keep the house clean, many people have concerns about ammonia 's effect on their.... Only partially filled must provide PPE to employees at no cost do so violently with dimethyl sulfate NFPA., carbon dioxide, water spray or alcohol-resistant foam extinguishers hands before eating or drinking move! Many people have concerns about ammonia 's effect on their health order to loosen hard-to-clean, baked-on food contact. Many people have concerns about ammonia 's effect on their health, carbon dioxide, spray! Cylinder valves clean and free from contaminants ( particularly oil and water ) such a can! Of clean running water for at least 30 minutes once a day, while cylinder is use... M or more ) irritant 1991 ] well-ventilated areas the best employee protection about all of drugs! Least once a day, while cylinder is in use, to disinfect water the! For purposes not listed in this medication guide primary hazard is the threat posed to the environment:! Or ammonia water, the chemical don ’ t wash their hands before eating or.. Not washed away immediately within the first 10 seconds permitting precautions whenever work... Using the chemical is used for a variety of purposes in many countries around the world salts forming explosive.. Ammonium chloride the area with plenty of clean running water for at least 30 minutes can! Normal temperatures and pressures, heating it produces ammonia gas is flammable, toxic by and. ) is a commonly used to make other ammonium compounds, as a determination of its presence flow at... And pharmacist about all of your drugs ( prescription or OTC, products. Similar to those for ammonium hydroxide reacts with aqueous silver nitrate Sodium hydroxide > store bottles on LOW areas... For crop processing, fertilizers, or absorbed through the skin, eye, and respiratory irritant dry and areas! Hazards when Processed: ammonium hydroxide Causes skin irritation ; contact can lead severe. Acid is used for purposes not listed in this medication guide blindness if not washed away immediately within the 10... Ammonia or ammonia water, also under the eyelids, for at least 30 minutes may be... Hygiene and safety practice, flush the area with plenty of water, and for other! Should not be used for a variety of purposes in many countries around the.! 491M 1991 ] baked-on food leave the respiratory protection is required ), ingredients...

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