After the death of his father Antipater, Herod the Great (still governor of Galilee) established a close relationship with Mark Antony—one of the renowned ringleaders of Julius Caesar’s assassination. ), governor of Edom in the time of Alexander Yannai and Salome Alexandra, son of Antipater I, and father of *Herod .Josephus states that Antipater I belonged to a distinguished Edomite family, the members of which had embraced Judaism in the days of John Hyrcanus. Antipater (399-319): supreme commander of the Macedonian forces in Europe during the eastern campaign of Alexander the Great, later regent for Alexander's mentally unstable brother Philip III Arridaeus. Antipater the Idumaean Wikipedia (d. 43 BC) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great.According to Africanus and Epiphanius, he was the son of Herod (I) of Ascalon.According to Josephus, he was the son of Antipas (I).Antipater was married to Cypros, a Nabataean noblewoman. Executed in 4 BCE. Yet Antipater schemed to kill his father. Important details of his biography are gleaned from the works of the 1st century CE Roman-Jewish historian Josephus Flavius. (3) Antipater the father of Herod the Great. Antipater II (Greek: Ἀντίπατρος, translit. Antipater II (ca. Herod's grandfather and father held prominent political offices in Judea and established close relations with the Romans, the unquestioned world power during that time. After his marriage to Mariamne the Hasmonean, Herod sent Doris and Antipater away. Herod was born in southern Palestine. Herod. Unfortunately, there was a dark and cruel streak in Herod’s character that showed itself increasingly as he grew older. The slaying, shortly before his death, of the infants of Bethlehem was wholly consistent with the disarray into which he had fallen. At Herodium in the Judaean desert Herod built a great palace, which archaeologists in 2007 tentatively identified as the site of his tomb. 46 BC – 4 BC) was Herod the Great s first born son, his only child by his first wife Doris. In 47 B.C.E. As Herod’s oldest son, he had complained that his father’s life was dragging on so long that he would be an old man by the time he became king. He backed Pompey’s conquering of Israel in 63 BC. He twice increased Herod’s territory, in the years 22 and 20 bce, so that it came to include not only Palestine but parts of what are now the kingdom of Jordan to the east of the river and southern Lebanon and Syria. 2. He proceeded to accuse him before the governor of Syria and obtained leave from Augustus to put him to death. Herod was born 73 BCE as the son of a man from Idumea named Antipater and a woman named Cyprus, the daughter of an Arab sheik. Herod’s father had married into some wealth and nobility. Herod’s father, Antipater, owed his early power to his Nabataean connections and sponsorship by the Pharisees, a Jewish religious group composed of laymen and scribes who emerged as a distinct party after the Maccabean revolt of 165-160 BC. However, he was recalled following Mariamne's fall in 29 BC and in 13 BC Herod made him his first heir in his will. Six years later Mark Antony made him tetrarch of Galilee. He flourished in the days of Pompey and Julius Caesar, was a firm friend of the Romans, and about the year 47 B.C. His mother, Cypros, was a Nabatean noblewoman. Augustus gave him the oversight of the Cyprus copper mines, with a half share in the profits. As a reward, Caesar made Antipater a Roman citizen in 47 BC- and appointed him the Governor of Judea. Hyrcanus became king, while Antipater acted as the power behind the throne. His mother, Cypros, was a Nabatean noblewoman. But when Mariamne had been condemned to death and tension grew between her sons and Herod s… Antipater I the Idumaean (born 113 or 114 BCE, died 43 BCE) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great.According to Josephus, he … The statement of the historian, Nicholas of Damascus, that the family was descended from … 0 rating rating ratings . He was responsible for building projects at Sepphoris and Betharamphtha, and for the construction of his capital Tiberias on the western shore of the Sea of Galilee. During the conflict between the two triumvirs Octavian and Antony, the heirs to Caesar’s power, Herod supported his friend Antony. By registering for an account, you agree to Faithlife’s, The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised, A family of distinguished Idumean nobility that was converted to Judaism during the Hasmonean period and rose to prominence during the reign of Alexandra Salome. He retained this position even when Alexander and Aristobulus(Herod's sons by Mariamne) rose i… Some time later, we read of the infamous event. He had to repress a revolt, became involved in a quarrel with his Nabataean neighbours, and finally lost the favour of Augustus. Author of. The statement of the historian, Nicholas of Damascus, that the family was descended from … was appointed procurator of Judea. by ... Jean le Nevelon relates how Alior, the son of Alexander and Candace, avenged his father's death on Antipater and others. Antipater was a man of great influence and wealth who increased both by marrying the daughter of a noble from Petra (in southwestern Jordan), at that time the capital of the rising Arab Nabataean kingdom. -Antipater: Father of Jesus? Father: Antipater Antipater II (Greek: Ἀντίπατρος, translit. Antipater had wealth and power but he wanted more. The prophet had been publicly criticizing him for divorcing his first wife, the daughter of the Nabatean king, Aretas IV, in order to marry Herodias, the wife of his brother Herod Philip I3 (Mt 14:1-5; Josephus Antiquities 18.5.1). Herod I (the Great) was son of Antipater and made king by the Romans in 40 B.C. To further solidify his power, he divorced his first wife, Doris, sent her and his son away from court, and married Mariamne, a Hasmonean princess. And while there’s a lot of intrigue in Antipater’s story, we’ll just hit the high points so we can get on with the Herods. ; Cypros . Named in honour of his … Antipater was killed by his father five days before Herod's own death according to Josephus. Petra was the capital of the Nabataean kingdom. He was the son of Antipas, a convert to Judaism, who was governor of Idumæa under the reigns of Alexander Jannæus and his queen dowager Alexandra, and rendered himself serviceable to the Jewish rulers, through his connections with his former congeners, of Arabia Petræa. He had intended to bestow the Nabataean kingdom on Herod as well, but, by the time that throne fell vacant, Herod’s mental and physical deterioration made it impossible. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Antipater I the Idumaean (born 113 or 114 BCE, died 43 BCE) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great.According to Josephus, he … In this conflict, the Roman general Pompey intervened in Hyrcanus' favor. Herod, byname Herod the Great, Latin Herodes Magnus, (born 73 bce—died March/April, 4 bce, Jericho, Judaea), Roman-appointed king of Judaea (37–4 bce), who built many fortresses, aqueducts, theatres, and other public buildings and generally raised the prosperity of his land but who was the centre of political and family intrigues in his later years. Herod patronized the Olympic Games, whose president he became. J.-C.– 39 ap. Antipater is not mentioned in the Bible, but as the ancestor of the Herods he is important, and he was a key figure in the last days of Jewish independence and the early days of the Roman occupation. ), the eldest son of Herod by his first wife Doris. His mental instability, moreover, was fed by the intrigue and deception that went on within his own family. Antipater and his sons had to take harsh measures to get the money, and in the ensuing troubles, Antipater was killed. Corrections? Herod, born in southern Palestine, was the son of Antipater, an Edomite whom Julius Caesar later appointed procurator of Judaea. He had done much for the Jews, thanks to the favor he had won and kept in spite of all from the successive heads of the Roman state; he had observed the Law publicly -- in fact, as the traditional epigram of Augustus says, "it was better to be Herod's swine than a son of Herod." Please try again soon. The senate there nominated him king of Judaea and equipped him with an army to make good his claim. ANTIPATER. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. He married his relative, Herodias, who later divorced him to marry Herod Antipas. Click here to view or print the above bible study Herod the Great – Father of the Herodian Family. He was named after his paternal grandfather Antipater the Idumaean. , when Roman Emperor Julius Caesar (100—44 B.C.E. ) He and… Antipater. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Herod-king-of-Judaea, The Catholic Encyclopedia - Biography of Herod, Jewish Virtual Library - Biography of Herod, Herod - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Recalled in 29 BCE. xiv.1.3) he was the son of a noble Idumean, to whom the government of that district had been given by Alexander Janneus and his queen Alexandra, at whose court he was raised. First, to his niece Mariamne III, daughter of Aristobulus IV (Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews, Book XVII, Chapter 1:2). His cause of death is debated, but it is known that he was in both mental and physical disorder in his final years and that he suffered from arteriosclerosis. Antipater, Herod’s eldest son, whom he had executed for conspiring to kill him, ruled with his father during the final few years of Herod’s reign. Josephus also describes the beheading o… This was in 4 B.C. Because he trusted Herod, Antony set things in motion to install Herod in Judea in place of its current ruler, Antigonus. The father of Herod the Great. liet Herodes zich van zijn moeder scheiden om te trouwen met Mariamne en werd hij met zijn moeder verbannen. In 43 BCE Antipater was assassinated by a political rival. After the death of Alexander Janeueus his wife Queen Alexandra Salome ruled for a while. After the Maccabees overthrew their Seleucid oppressors and established an independent Israel, (2) the son of Jason (1), sent with Numenius to try to reestablish relations between the Syrians and the Jews (, The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5. When Pompey (106–48 bce) invaded Palestine in 63 bce, Antipater supported his campaign and began a long association with Rome, from which both he and Herod were to benefit. ), the eldest son of Herod by his first wife Doris. Antipater rose in the ranks of the Hasmonean dynasty and became an influential adviser. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Father of Herod I.; died 43 B.C. (first century C.E. But when Mariamne had been condemned to death and tension grew between her sons and Herod's other sons, Herod restored Antipater to court. He achieved a major increase in status by marrying a woman from a wealthy family in Petra. He was poisoned in 43 B.C. He continued to do so even when Antony’s mistress, Cleopatra, the queen of Egypt, used her influence with Antony to gain much of Herod’s best land. He and his mother were exiled after Herod divorced her between 43 BC and 40 BC to marry Mariamne I. He and his mother were exiled after Herod divorced her between 43 BC and 40 BC to marry Mariamne I. Herod the Great. His most grandiose creation was the Temple, which he wholly rebuilt. In 41 BCE Markus Antonius (Mark Antony) visited Palestine and met Herod. In the 1881 Library of Universal Knowledge, vol, #1 of 15, p. 531, it states in part: “ ANTIPATER: Of the many persons who bore this name in antiquity, the most celebrated was one of the generals and confidential friends of king Philip of Macedon. Antipater was from Edom. I could find no original source for it. He was the son of Antipas, a convert to Judaism, who was governor of Idumæa under the reigns of Alexander Jannæus and his queen dowager Alexandra, and rendered himself serviceable to the Jewish rulers, through his connections with his former congeners, of Arabia Petræa. He altered his will three times and finally disinherited and killed his firstborn, Antipater. According to Graves, a pregnant Mary is compelled to pretend to marry an old, pious carpenter, Joseph, to protect herself and the unborn Jesus.. Antipater’s rise to power. After an unsuccessful attempt at suicide, Herod died. Antipater was the father of King Herod the Great. Antipater (also known as Antipas), the eldest son of Herod by his first wife Doris. Antípatros; c. 46 – 4 BC) was Herod the Great's first-born son, his only child by his first wife Doris. Their marriage produced a close friendship between Antipater and the King of the Arabia, Aretas, to whom Cypros was related. The Western Wall, in the Old City of Jerusalem, all that remains of the retaining wall surrounding the Temple Mount. But statues were forbidden Jews and no likenesses were to be used on coins, either. Although the union was directed at ending his feud with the Hasmoneans, a priestly family of Jewish leaders, he was deeply in love with Mariamne. But then, with Antipater back at court and his mother Doris “back in Mariamne’s bed” and with the re-betrothals more in his favor, Antipater, along with just about everybody at court, now turned their attention to getting rid of his aging father. After the death of Alexander Janeueus his … Antipater was much disliked by most of the Jews of Palestine but managed to remain a leading political figure during the early Roman, All the People in the Bible: An A–Z Guide to the Saints, Scoundrels, and Other Characters in Scripture. Herod Antipater, better known as Antipas, was granted the right to rule Galilee and Perea. His father, Antipater, was an Edomite. Herod’s Father, Antipater laid the foundations for his Son’s future. There was an error while trying to create your account. Mariamne III the Virgin, granddaughter of Mariamne the Queen betrothed widow of Antipater The daughter of King Antigonus married to Antipater…unnamed but also newly widowed who, if she was then Archelaus’ wife, would now be known to be a Mariamne. ANTIPATER II or ANTIPAS (d. 43 B.C.E. Antipater (ca. Prior to the invasion he had been governor of Galilee since 47 BCE. Herod was an Edomite of Arab descent. Antipater the Idumaean Wikipedia (d. 43 BC) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great.According to Africanus and Epiphanius, he was the son of Herod (I) of Ascalon.According to Josephus, he was the son of Antipas (I).Antipater was married to Cypros, a Nabataean noblewoman. Author Joseph Raymond supports this hypothesis as a fact. Herod’s mother was the daughter of a noble from Petra, the centre of a rising Nabataean polity. He managed to keep hold of his throne in the face of the many changes in the government at Rome. Despite his affection for Mariamne, he was prone to violent attacks of jealousy; his sister Salome (not to be confused with her great-niece, Herodias’s daughter Salome) made good use of his natural suspicions and poisoned his mind against his wife in order to wreck the union. Looking to help your church and family stay connected to the Word while social distancing?Check out our free church library, church online resources, and family resources. ), the eldest son of Herod by his first wife Doris. The father died five days after his son in 4 BC. Chr.) When he mistakenly thought that Herod had died, he evidenced great joy. Having favored the winning side in the conflict, Antipater's star rose, especially since he cooperated with the Romans as much … (8) Mariamne of Jerusalem had a son named Herod or Herod Philip. Antipater was from Edom . Herod the Great was king of Judaea from 37 BCE to 4 BCE, appointed by the Roman Empire after its Senate equipped him with an army to fight off a Parthian invasion. According to Josephus (Ant. When Herod heard about it he recalled Antipater from Rome to try him. The story starts with Antipater, the father of Herod. A Young Herod…this photo of a statue of Herod was found in a Jerusalem dig. Antipater was born in 399 BCE as the son of a Macedonian nobleman named Iolaus. Antipater was an adherent of Hyrcanus, one of two princes who struggling to become king of Judaea. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Both the emperor and the minister paid him state visits, and Herod twice again visited Italy. Six years later Herod met Mark Antony, whose lifelong friend he was to remain. In 40 bce the Parthians invaded Palestine, civil war broke out, and Herod was forced to flee to Rome. According to Josephus (Ant. But for fickle fortune, Herod Antipas’s annual Advent vilifications might belong instead to Antipater, who was put to death around this time in 4 BCE by command of his dying father Herod the Great.. Named for his grandfather who founded the Herodian dynasty, Antipater was Herod the Great’s first-born son and for most of the decade preceding his death had been in Herod’s succession plans. Antipater now intrigued to bring these his half-brothers under the suse picion of their father, and with such success that Herod altered his intentions in their behalf, recalled Doris to court, and sent Antipater to Rome, recommended to Augustus (Ant. Herod became the close friend of Augustus’s great minister Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, after whom one of his grandsons and one of his great-grandsons were named. The great outer court, 35 acres (14 hectares) in extent, is still visible as Al-Ḥaram al-Sharīf. Herod was born in southern Palestine. ; executed 4 B.C. He was in great pain and in mental and physical disorder. Antipater continued to court Roman support wisely, cannily siding with Julius Caesar rather than his old ally, Pompey, during the Roman civil wars. After Antony’s final defeat at Actium in 31 bce, he frankly confessed to the victorious Octavian which side he had taken. Omissions? After his marriage to Mariamne the Hasmonean, Herod sent Doris and Antipater away. One of two delegates sent to make a Judaean alliance with the Romans and Spartans during the Hasmonean period ... 15:15–24). Herod defeated him, and secured the continuity of the line of Hyrcanus by marrying his daughter Mariamme. The father of King Herod the Great and the son of Antipas, an Idumean governor appointed by Jannaeus Alexander. Herod was an Edomite of Arab descent. xiv.1.3) he was the son of a noble Idumean, to whom the government of that district had been given by Alexander Janneus and his queen Alexandra, at whose court he was raised. J.-C. à 39. He was convicted of high treason and Herod sent a request to Caesar to have him executed. The New Testament portrays him as a tyrant, into whose kingdom Jesus of Nazareth was born. He had 14 children. Antipater's son Herod was about 26 years of age at this time and his father made him governor of Galilee. Octavian, who had met Herod in Rome, knew that he was the one man to rule Palestine as Rome wanted it ruled and confirmed him king. Historically, Antipater III was the eldest son of Herod the Great by his first wife Doris. Antipater was married twice. In 47 B.C.E., when Roman Emperor Julius Caesar (100—44 B.C.E.) He allied his family with Rome. He was given the title of Tetrarch (“ruler of a quarter”), although he was sometimes known as King Herod, as his father had been (Mk 6:14). Note that Herod the Great had a father and a grand-father by the name of “ Antipater”. Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary. In his last years Herod suffered from arteriosclerosis. Antipater, Herod’s eldest son, whom he had executed for conspiring to kill him, ruled with his father during the final few years of Herod’s reign. Herod the Great was known for consolidating Roman rule over and advancing the Hellenization of Judaea. 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