—Cooperative Learning Strategies (CLS) for Students Focused Teaching (SFT), known as 'students-centered learning' (SCL), is the acknowledged pedagogical strategy. In formal cooperative learning students work together for one or more class periods to complete a joint task or assignment (Johnson et al., 2014). Finally, cooperative learning strategies allow for more students to be actively involved in the lesson because each must contribute in order for the group to be successful. Cooperative learning is an effective way for students to learn and process information quickly with the help of others. Educators use these types of cooperative learning strategies in their classrooms because first they get the students to work together in a team and second because they are an effective way for students to learn. Teacher poses a question or topic for brainstorming. In other words, cooperative learning is the pedagogy within which students are active constructors of knowledge in the learning process instead of passive receivers of any given knowledge (Liang, 2002).There are three main types of cooperative learning groups, namely informal cooperative learning groups, formal judgement to review the suggested strategies and decide on the most appropriate for meeting the needs of their students and deliver the essential content in a resilience and wellbeing, drug education or road safety context. The development of social skills in group work-learning to cooperate -- is key to high quality group work. There are several features that can help these groups work well: The instructor defines the learning objectives for the activity and assigns students to groups. Here are just some of the similarities that exist between a cooperative learning and collaborative learning approach for students: Rely on active student participation rather than passive, lecture-based teaching; Students assume a degree of responsibility for their own learning Different Types of Cooperative Learning. Three Types of Cooperative Learning Groups Formal Learning Groups – Groups that last several class sessions to complete units, assignments, projects Informal Learning Groups – Temporary, ad hoc groups that last for only one discussion or class period Base Groups – Permanent/stable learning … 7 Cooperative learning Students in small heterogeneous groups take roles and learn to share knowledge and tasks with one another through a variety of structures with this strategy. This keeps the group on task and establishes an unambiguous purpose. San Clemene, CA: Kagan Publishing. The goal of using this strategy is for students to work together to achieve a common goal. Each of the following Cooperative Learning Structures were developed by Spencer Kagan. With the types of cooperative strategy, also include the cooperative strategy advantages and disadvantages in this article. The present study illustrates the concept and procedure of the jigsaw teaching method. Advantages of using cooperative learning Cooperative learning is supported by one of the strongest research traditions in education, with thousands of studies conducted across a wide range of subject areas, age groups, ability levels and cultural backgrounds. While different experts categorize these differently, common features of effective cooperative learning … 4 | Teaching and Learning Strategies 3. Establish clear group goals. Round Robin 1. In order to hold each student accountable and to measure learning, you have to include some sort of assessment whether this is a written quiz/exam, a reflection, etc. This research article is based on an experiment in an EFL class and analyses However, implementing cooperative learning is not like waving a magic wand: we just say a few magic words, and whoosh everything is working great. “Name a type of horse.” 3. Many cooperative learning tasks are put to students with both academic objectives and social skills objectives. However, it’s always a good idea to try out a new strategy or two to change things up a bit. Effective Instructional Strategies Chapter 8: Using Integrated Teaching Methods Cooperative Learning • Students Work Together in a Mixed-Ability Group of 4 Students to Accomplish a Task. 1. the values implicit in each, (b) the types of cooperative learning, (c) the basic elements essential for effective cooperation, (d) the research supporting the use of cooperative learning and verifying its positive influences on diversity, and (e) the implications of the Students have sufficient time to think and ink (could be writing or drawing depending on course content) 3. There are many other types of collaborative learning, and here below are some of the most common: 6 Major Types of Collaborative Learning . “A set of teaching strategies in which students with differing skills and achievement levels learn together and take responsibility for both individual and group achievement.” John Medcalf, 1995 Medcalf, J. Jigsaw II However, on the basis of information in Artzt and Newman (1990) and Sutton (1992), we propose four necessary conditions that together constitute a cooperative-learning setting: Effective collaborative learning involves the establishment of group goals, as well as individual accountability. In the planning stage of cooperative learning, there are many large philosophical questions to It arranges and mixes students of different level of ability and learning into groups. Learning strategies consist of “mental or behavioral activity related to some specific Cooperative Learning models include the following basic principles: • Group tasks are designed to be suitable for group work. Technique Process Think-Ink -Pair-Share 1. Learning strategies are the particular approaches or techniques that learners employ to try to learn an L2. Students pair to discuss responses 4. • Percentage of High, Middle and Low Learners in Each Group Should Represent the Appropriate Population of Each Group in the Whole Class. Teacher poses a question related to the lesson 2. Positive interdependence is the belief that students are linked together The WHAT of teaching The HOW of teaching An Active Cooperative Learning Experience Ability Level Shoulder and Face Partners in Heterogeneous Base Teams Face Partner *Most strategies/structures adapted from: Kagan S., & Kagan, M. (2009). Language learning strategies are conscious or potentially conscious actions and learners can identify them in their learning process (Cohen, 1998). Learning styles are the general approaches –for example, global or analytic, auditory or visual –that students use in acquiring a new language or in learning any other subject. Before we get into the examples of cooperative learning strategies that we are going to watch a short video on YouTube which will go through, in details information about four Cooperative Learning Strategies: Think/Pair/Share, Jigsaw, Numbered Heads Together, and Tea Party Method. Strategic Alliance: Also known as a strategic partnership, a strategic alliance is a collaborative arrangement between two or more organizations. In fact, in planning and executing cooperative learning, we teachers have many decisions to make. The teacher can structure any academic assignment or course requirement for formal cooperative learning. Here are the top 10 structures that I love to use in my classroom. Cooperative learning is an activity which helps students to work in groups. Employ Active Reading: Guiding questions for readings, ‘test’ on key concepts next day or via online quiz, have students teach each other what read, focus attention on solving a problem 4. Think-pair-share is one of the most common types of collaborating learning. 2.2.3 Importance of Cooperative Learning. There are many ways to include cooperative learning in your classroom but highlighted below are a few popular models you can adopt. Free for students, parents and educators. Make math learning fun and effective with Prodigy Math Game. Examples of Cooperative Learning Strategies & When to Use them. Low/Medium Low High High Medium s Also, it enables them to learn and teach group members. Sign up today! Kagan Cooperative Learning. Adapting teaching and learning strategies The strategies linked to learning activities are a suggestion only. 20 Collaborative Learning Tips And Strategies For Teachers. (Johnson & Johnson, 2009, p.69). 1,Think-pair-share. … The similarities between cooperative and collaborative learning. Also, the success of each member depends on the group’s success. Students sit in a circle. It is a low-effort, low-stakes strategy for abbreviated collaboration and active learning. It is essential that each student understands their cooperative learning group role. Johnson, Johnson, and Holubec’s (1998) theory has identified three types of cooperative learning groups: formal, informal, and base groups. using cooperative learning as one of the teaching strategies. According to Roth and Roychoudhury (1993:143), cooperative learning is the convenient way to support the construction of individual knowledge of the members in a variety of ways. Formal cooperative learning groups . ly define cooperative learning because of the large variety of learning settings that are regarded as facilitating cooperative learning and the differences among them. Cooperative learning is a teaching method. Among the cooperative learning strategies, the jigsaw learning technique has been found to be highly effective. In fact, cooperative learning is a type of collaborative learning, which is why at first glance, the two might seem similar. Cooperative Learning Techniques . Cooperative learning techniques can be loosely categorized by the skill that each enhances (Barkley, Cross and Major, 2005), although it is important to recognize that many cooperative learning exercises can be developed to fit within multiple categories. learning styles and strategies is valid regardless of what the learner’s first language is. Reading Forum, 2, 11-19. Cooperative Learning is a very formal way of structuring activities in a learning environment that includes specific elements intended to increase the potential for rich and deep learning by the participants. In cooperative learning, the development of interpersonal skills is as important as the learning itself. Cooperative learning and peer tutoring: Strategies for inclusive education. Cooperative learning strategies employ many of the following characteristics and strategies in the classroom: positive interdependence, face-to-face interaction, individual accountability, social skills, and group processing. (1995). What is co-operative learning? These structures can be used in any subject matter and any lesson you are doing. More information about Kagan’s cooperative learning structures can be found at www.kaganonline.com, or by calling 1-800-WEE-COOP. Cooperative Learning structures are content free strategies for students to engage and discuss in the classroom. 2. Formal cooperative learning groups range in length from one class period to several weeks.

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