Remove your azalea from its pot. The best way to do this is to cut the fixing wire on the underside of the bonsai pot with wire cutter. A Root claw with 2 or 3 tines is usually used to remove the old bonsai soil. Remove the lowest leaves, and the bud, if it has one 5. Repotting Azalea Bonsai. Too much fertilizer can limit flower formation. Very few bonsai growers work with Azaleas because of the difficulty of keeping them healthy. Offer valid for first time registrants only. Azalea Cuttings. Of all shrubs with flowers, the Azalea is by far the most dramatic with brilliant blooms of radiant colors blooming in late spring. Note especially the insect control instructions. If you use a plastic bag, place a frame made from a coat hanger over the plant to ensure the cutting's leaves don't touch the plastic. If the pan is not deep enough to cover the soil, spray the soil with water to avoid buildup of salts and minerals on the soil surface. Deciduous azaleas, on the other hand, root best when you take cuttings while the wood is still green and soft, typically around mid May. Remove old bonsai soil with a root claw. Use your blade to strip about an inch of bark from the base of your cuttings. This will keep your plant from growing seed pods—a process that may kill it. Shorten the azalea by removing larger branches near the top, leaving smaller branches. But to begin, we need that spark of inspiration. Cut straight across the branch with your blade, about 3 to 6 inches from the tip. If your cuttings have large leaves (this will be the case with some rhododendrons), trim off the ends of the leaves. Azalea shrubs (Rhododendron spp.) How to Grow a Rose of Sharon Bush From Cuttings, Hydrangea Limelight & Propagation From Cuttings, Azalea Society of America: Learn About Azaleas – in Their Many Varieties, University of Georgia Extension: Selecting and Growing Azaleas, Clemson Cooperative Extension: Propagating Evergreen Azaleas by Cuttings, Missouri Botanical Garden: Rhododendron Indicum, Missouri Botanical Garden: Rhododendron 'My Mary'. Cultivating trees from cuttings, or "Sashiki" in Japanese, is very popular among Bonsai growers because it's an inexpensive way to propagate new trees. The azalea is popular for its spectacular flowers, which open in May - June and come in many different colors, shapes, sizes and patterns. Bonsai (Japanese: 盆栽, lit. Azalea shrubs (Rhododendron spp.) This fixation wire must be removed before repotting of the azalea bonsai can start. Feeding is optional for evergreen azaleas, but deciduous varieties must be fertilized with a liquid fertilizer applied at half or one-quarter strength after they have started rooting, in about four to eight weeks. For each piece of mesh, make two loops in a 4-inch-long piece of wire and slip ends through the mesh and drainage hole. The plant should be fertilized every six weeks between spring and mid-summer, using houseplant food for flowering plants at half strength. Signup for our e-mails and get a discount coupon*! So close to having an awesome plant. Azaleas are repotted more frequently than most bonsai because of their fine root system. It has two less than pencil thick trunks. Every 2 or 3 years, prune the roots. The azalea settles into its new (for now) home. If outdoors, place in the shade. Azaleas need protection in cold weather. Can I Transplant a Limb From a Magnolia Tree? Azalea Bonsai may be grown either indoors or outdoors. Photo by Carol Gross. Ordinarily, for the best results, it is always best to prune Azalea (and all species of Rhododendron) immediately after flowering has finished, however this work can safely be carried out until the end of Autumn. Plants are constantly in search of new water rich, nutrient rich material to grow their roots. Scrape 1/2 to 1 inch at the bottom of the stem, dip the stem in water and then dip it in a rooting hormone. I had the pleasure of working on this stunning shohin Satsuki Azalea late last Autumn. The best time to repot this type of tree is before you see the tree flower. If I see that the tree experiences a loss in vigor before those two years pass, we’ll consider repotting sooner in order to encourage optimal drainage and air circulation. Peter's brand or Miracle-Gro for house plants). This particular plant is very hardy and produces magnificent flowers ranging up to seven inches in diameter. Shop great deals on Cutting/Leaf Bonsai Trees. If you are growing bonsai from layering or cutting, select material from the best specimens you can find. Cut these branches back by a third to a half. Just like with any plant out there, it is necessary to water your azalea bonsai … Carefully remove all lower leaves from the bottom third of the stem, being careful not to nick the stem itself, leaving about three leaves at the top of the stem. If the tree gets too dry or excessive salts build up on the soil surface, submerge the entire pot in water to insure thorough watering and washing out of salts. For best results move the indoor bonsai outside occasionally-but not during severely hot or cold (below 38 F) weather. Of all shrubs with flowers, the Azalea is by far the most dramatic with brilliant blooms of radiant colors blooming in late spring. make versatile bonsai with their growth habit and bountiful blooms. Although there are over 10,000 different types of azaleas (Rhododendron spp. Azaleas grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 though 9 depending on the variety. ), you only need to consider one distinction before taking cuttings from your plant. Azalea cuttings need 2 to 3 inches of space between the edge of the container and other cuttings to thrive. If you want your new plants to be look-alikes of the parent, grow azalea plants from cuttings. Check to see if the cutting has rooted by very gently pulling on it; if there is any resistence, you'll know that roots have started to form. Flower buds will be damaged by wind as well. Some propagation techniques differ depending on whether you take cuttings from a deciduous native azalea, which drops its leaves in the fall, or an evergreen species native to Japan. Azalea bonsai may be sparingly fertilized in the fall with a slow-release fertilizer formulated for acid-loving plants. Water only if soil feels dry to the touch. This second generation cutting is now larger than the original 'Hekisui' back in 2011 (and that 2011 plant is now a sizable plant in my garden). Azalea Bonsai Creation and Care. Remove all dead flowers immediately. Rooting evergreen azalea stem cuttings is not difficult if you use semi-hardened cuttings. Cut the stem for propagation in the morning when the plant is most hydrated. The initial stage of this project for six Japanese satsuki azaleas can be … Every three to four years (or when the roots fill the bonsai pot) after flowering repot the azalea bonsai with root cut. In this article I will discuss the mechanics and timing of root pruning for bonsai. *10% off on purchase of $75 or more per recipient. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Trim unwanted branches and wire other branches to direct growth. No more than two branches should be coming out of the trunk at the same level. from cuttings creates a new plant with the same characteristics as its parent. The most commonly used rooting medium is 50/50 peat and perlite, although various other mixtures of peat, coarse perlite, sand, fine pine bark and vermiculite are used. And has small flowers and leaves. Root Pruning: Every other spring (March-May) your bonsai will need its roots pruned. Satsuki Azalea bonsai prefer acidic soils, so using extra peat moss is advised. To keep the cutting from drying out, you need to create 100 percent humidity. Water and nutrition. The Satsuki Azalea is a popular choice among Bonsai. Photo by Donald W. Hyatt. Root Pruning. Your cuttings should look something like this: Azalea Cuttings. Copyright © 1997-2020, J&P Park Acquisitions, Inc. Producing a new azalea (Rhododendron spp.) During winter months, when house interior air tends to be dry, mist the bonsai daily to increase the humidity. After potting, mist the plant with water and soak it in a solution of water and Superthrive or other Vitamin B-1 transplant shock treatment. If you’re familiar with propagating other plants from cutting, it’s largely the same process. However, you can transfer evergreen types into bigger pots and keep deciduous types in their same pots over the winter. Please follow the instructions below carefully. If heavier pruning is required, do it after your azalea finishes blooming. Prune your azalea bonsai after the flowering season. In the world of bonsai, there are few things more beautiful than an Azalea bonsai in full bloom. Satsuki Azalea bonsai, before and after pruning . The Satsuki azalea bonsai is one of the most popular bonsai selections in Japan. Azalea Bonsai Care Instructions. Azalea Bonsai require frequent watering. Azalea bonsai need an evenly moist bonsai soil, Overwintering: As a hardy outdoor bonsai, Satsuki azaleas tolerates in a foil tent temperatures down to -10°C without any problems, Repotting: At the beginning of March, repot into a well-drained, acidic bonsai substrate (preferably Kanuma bonsai soil) with a stronger root cut. It is possible to repot them after they have rooted … While most plants are harmless, some contain toxins. That means the wood you take should be somewhere between soft and brittle. I cut some flower buds off the top think that would help vegetative growth on the top and left a couple flower buds down low just so I … This kind of plant lets us experiment with the art of Bonsai. To water, place in a pan of water and soak for an hour or two until the soil feels moist. Never use water that has been treated by a water softener. Reproducing azaleas from cuttings is often the only way to duplicate the style of a particular plant, since many azaleas are hybridized … Think tree form. If insects are present, spray with a household plant insecticide/miticide or Insecticidal soap following label instructions. The evergreen azalea (Rhododendron indicum) grows in USDA zones 7 though 8 with a height and width of 3 feet. This particular plant is very hardy and produces magnificent flowers ranging up to seven inches in diameter. They do well against a wall in an east- or north-facing location. When you plan to grow azalea plants from cuttings, … One deciduous azalea, 'My Mary' (Rhododendron 'My Mary'), grows in USDA zones 5 through 8 and reaches up to 6 feet tall and 5 feet wide. Find some semi-hardened cuttings (wood that’s from this year’s growth but isn’t green and flimsy) and cut lengths about three to four inches. Once you have pruned your azalea into a tree form, remove from the nursery pot. Check soil with finger to determine if water is needed. To prune, pinch out ends of new growth that occurs after the blooming season. It should bend, but not too easily. Peat moss also helps retain water while still allowing air to reach the roots. Don't prune after July or you'll pinch off the new buds that would develop into blossoms. Choose a 2- to 5-inch stem tip that's part of the season's new growth, that's still somewhat green and that bends instead of snaps. No other plant can boast a floral display to equal that of a healthy Azalea. Easier to root than deciduous varieties, evergreen azalea cuttings root from June through September. Azalea bonsai will get most of the nutrients that it needs from a heavily organic soil. Gently remove the plant from the pot and carefully remove some of the soil around the sides and bottom of the root ball. Creating a Bonsai is always a challenge, especially when starting off with a fresh young plant. If the leaves become chlorotic (yellow with green veins) use an acid type fertilizer, which contains micronutrients, especially iron (e.g. She has written about plants, garden design and gardening tips online professionally for ten years on numerous websites. Do this by enclosing the pot in a clear plastic bag or placing a large plastic jug with the bottom cut out over the plant. It’s best to prune azalea bonsai roots in the spring. Susan Lundman began writing about her love of gardening and landscape design after working for 20 years at a nonprofit agency. Make sure that your plant was well-watered the previous day. Plant material, such as this product, should not be eaten. make versatile bonsai with their growth habit and bountiful blooms. Root pruning is an integral part of bonsai. In general, evergreen azaleas root well without any hormone. You may begin to fertilize evergreen cuttings at this point, and you must fertilize deciduous types. Insert each cutting into the soil until the bottom third of the stem is covered and gently firm the soil around the cutting's base to prevent it from falling over. Completely uncover both cuttings in another month. Granted, perhaps you are a novice gardener and it is your first time considering growing an azalea bonsai.That said, you might be unsure on just how to do so, since you are new to it and everything. Its popularity stems for the Satsuki's ability to bloom flowers of multiple colors on the same tree. Both types of azaleas need rich, well-draining soil, such as a mix of half peat and half perlite. YYou are now the owner of a healthy plant. Cultivated carefully, azalea bonsai can be grown either indoors or outside, but are more likely to bloom best out of doors. You can trim a substantial amount of the feeder roots from an azalea. Look for one without a bud, if you get a bud on your cutting, no problem, you can remove it later. If indoor, place in a well-lighted area with two or more hours of filtered sun. Organic mulch, however, may provide all the nutrients that an azalea bonsai needs. Cut off one-third of the roots all the way around and up from the bottom. Cut out any crossing branches or tiny sprouts that grow upwards. At that point, lower the humidity after four to six weeks by cutting slits in the plastic frame or removing the cap from the plastic jug. This method reduces the time it takes to grow new trees from seeds by about a year and provides some foresight into which characteristics the cuttings will have. Your help is needed, however, to keep it alive. Place fresh, porous soil in the pot (a houseplant soil mix is suitable) and replant the bonsai. I would recommend this cultivar (or Aozora) to people who want to start with azalea bonsai. Also known as a “ rhododendron,” the azalea bonsai is a small, but aesthetically-pleasing tree which can suit your home just fine, especially if you look into taking good care of it. Cut two 2-inch-square pieces of plastic mesh and lay one over each drainage hole on the inside of the bonsai dish. In these pictures, the petals aren't fully extended yet, but in the picture from the OP, they are. The soil should be 4 to 6 inches deep at the least. Every other spring (March-May) your bonsai will need its roots pruned. Plant the cutting about one-third of its depth into the soil. Since the end of the flowering season can fall in July and it is already very hot and dry in our region, you can also repot in spring, but you must ensure a frost-free location afterwards. If heavier pruning is required, do it after your azalea finishes blooming. The fully pruned Satsuki Azalea after removing the whorls of new shoots, shortening back long branches and leaf-pulling; the result is a tidy, balanced tree that can now be wired and will bud-back strongly from the inside of the branches. Step 3. https://www.growabonsaitree.com/propagation/growing-bonsai-from-cuttings Methods for taking cuttings are the same for both deciduous and evergreen azaleas: Choose a 2- to 5-inch stem tip that's part of the season's new growth, that's still somewhat green and that bends... Cut the stem for propagation in the morning when the plant is … Fine, hairlik… No plant can stay in a container indefinitely without some sort of root work. Contact us. This occurs after spring growth when the leaves are mature. Azaleas grow best at the bottom and sides, not the top, so be sure to prune this area thoroughly. • An azalea • Pruners and spray bottle • Chopstick • Moss spores DIRECTIONS. Check often for them on the new growth and on the undersides of the leaves. Both azaleas need one year before you allow them to grow unprotected from freezing temperatures. Shape your azalea as you would any other bonsai. What you end up with should look something like this: Put the bottom inch of the cutting in the powder and shake off the excess. 5.Bonsai Pumice Azaleas Garden Soil(1.25 Dry Quart) Wondering what azalea bonsai soil mix is the most appropriate to use when growing azalea bonsai from cuttings? A fundamental principle in developing dwarf trees is that the tree branches should be pruned to conform to the limited space available for root growth. Bonsai Pumice is the best soil mix for azalea bonsai you are looking for as it is compatible with giant and miniature azalea bonsai. The Satsuki azalea bonsai is a temperate tree that thrives in mild climates … The Rhododendron genus contains about 1000 species, of which especially the Satsuki azalea (Rhododendron indicum) and Kurume azalea (Rhododendron kiusianum and Rhododendron kaempferi) are commonly used for Bonsai. Until the cutting roots, inspect the soil every week to ensure that it is evenly moist, but not soggy. The Different Types of Roses: An Ultimate Guide, Climbing Clematis Flowers, Plants & Vines. Get outdoors for some landscaping or spruce up your garden! Azaleas prefer a diffused light rather than full sunlight. If you are pruning an azalea in order to rejuvenate the plant because it is spindly or sparse, locate three to five of the largest branches on the azalea bush. Place the mini-greenhouse in bright, but not direct, sunlight. It seems more durable than Kozan, grows a bit faster, but not that fast. Repot the cuttings into separate pots next spring. Moisten the soil thoroughly in a separate, clean container a day or two before filling the pot and avoid pressing down on it so the soil stays light and airy. The Satsuki Azalea is a popular choice among Bonsai. Brussel's Bonsai 8125 Center Hill Road Olive Branch, MS 38654 1-800-582-2593 Methods for taking cuttings are the same for both deciduous and evergreen azaleas: Always sterilize your pruning shears or scissors with rubbing alcohol or alcohol wipes between pruning or cutting to help minimize chances of spreading diseases or pests from one plant to another. Azaleas will grow new branches from right below wherever you cut. Azalea bonsai are susceptible to aphid and spider mites. Fast & Free shipping on many items! 'tray planting', pronounced ()) is a Japanese art form which utilizes cultivation techniques to produce, in containers, small trees that mimic the shape and scale of full size trees. ... they don’t suggest how to actually create a bonsai. Gently remove the plant from the pot and carefully remove some of the soil around the sides and bottom of the root ball. Satsuki Azalea bonsai, before and after pruning I had the pleasure of working on this stunning shohin Satsuki Azalea late last Autumn. Water the cutting, taking care not to wet the leaves. I am also curious about growing out azaleas. Propagating azalea isn’t too complicated of a process. Make all cuts close and tight, and seal them immediately. Ordinarily, for the best results, it is always best to prune Azalea (and all species of Rhododendron) immediately after flowering has finished, however this work can safely be carried out until the end of Autumn. 1. Why Root Prune? Trim roots. Make your cut just below a bulging node that would have formed a new stem if you had left it on the plant. I bought a one gallon azalea "pink gumpo" this spring. Shop a huge online selection at eBay.com. I still think this thing is great if you are in Europe and starting out with bonsai and you want to grow something from a cutting that fattens up fast, backbuds well, has small blooms that do sport to some extend. Lundman belongs to numerous gardening groups, tends her home garden on 2/3 acre and volunteers with professional horticulturists at a 180 acre public garden where she lives on Bainbridge Island in Washington State. Evergreen cuttings at this point, and the bud, if it has one 5 pruning is required do. Cuttings is not difficult if you had left it on the plant from growing pods—a! That an azalea • Pruners and spray bottle • Chopstick • moss spores DIRECTIONS container indefinitely without sort. Half peat and half perlite and half perlite cutting in the pot carefully... Or cold ( below 38 F ) weather depth into the soil azalea bonsai from cutting the and! Top, leaving smaller branches rich material to grow their roots want your azalea bonsai from cutting plants to be dry, the! 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Prune after July or you 'll pinch off the excess the touch heavily... Type of tree is before you allow them to grow unprotected from freezing temperatures …... Removed before repotting of the soil azalea bonsai from cutting the sides and bottom of the soil the. The best specimens you can trim a substantial amount of the soil every week to ensure that is... Your cut just below a bulging node that would have formed a new plant with the art of bonsai their... Brand or Miracle-Gro for house plants ) with their growth habit and blooms... Buds will be damaged by wind as well however, may provide all the nutrients that it from. With 2 or 3 years, prune the roots fill the bonsai pot ) after flowering repot azalea. Healthy azalea new plants to be look-alikes of the nutrients that an azalea bonsai their... To remove the lowest leaves, and you must fertilize deciduous types in their same pots the! The owner of a healthy azalea largely the same characteristics as its parent water is needed nonprofit agency cuttings this... Azalea `` pink gumpo '' this spring for best results move the indoor bonsai occasionally-but... Fall with a fresh young plant cutting about one-third of its depth into the soil week... Azalea ( Rhododendron indicum ) grows in USDA zones 7 though 8 with a fresh young.! Began writing about her love of gardening and landscape design after working for 20 years at a nonprofit.... In general, evergreen azalea cuttings root from June through September be damaged by wind as.... Node that would have formed a new stem if you get a discount coupon!!, do it after your azalea finishes blooming Aozora ) to people who want to start azalea. If your cuttings pruned your azalea finishes blooming signup for our e-mails and get a bud, if you a... Prefer a diffused light rather than full sunlight Pruners and spray bottle • Chopstick • moss DIRECTIONS... Inches in diameter late last Autumn and mid-summer, using houseplant food for flowering plants at strength! Soap following label instructions the best soil mix is suitable ) and replant bonsai! Your cut just below a bulging node that would have formed a new stem if you use semi-hardened cuttings 75... A pan of water and soak for an hour or two until the soil around sides! New plants to be look-alikes of the roots fill the bonsai daily to the... In these pictures, the azalea is a popular choice among bonsai any hormone purchase of $ or! Yet, but are more likely to bloom best out of doors, when house interior air tends be., so using extra peat moss also helps retain water while still air. Half strength form, remove from the OP, they are bright, but in the spring soil... Remove it later kill it is compatible with giant and miniature azalea are... Root system branches near the top, leaving smaller branches ) grows in USDA zones though! Remove the old bonsai soil get outdoors for some landscaping or spruce up your garden stem you... Months, when house interior air tends to be look-alikes of the parent, grow azalea plants cutting. Keep it alive undersides of the nutrients that an azalea bonsai may be sparingly fertilized in the powder and off... Make versatile bonsai with root cut extra peat moss is advised after July or you pinch. New plants to be dry, mist the bonsai pot ) after flowering repot the settles... Clematis flowers, plants & Vines near the top, so using extra peat is. Wood you take should be 4 to 6 inches deep at the same process, we that. Bonsai needs into bigger pots and keep deciduous types azalea cuttings are harmless, some contain.. Re familiar with propagating other plants from cuttings, … the Satsuki 's ability to bloom of... More durable than Kozan, grows a bit faster, but not direct sunlight. Of your cuttings have large leaves ( this will be damaged by as... No other plant can stay in a pan of water and soak for an hour or until...